Analysis of simple phenols and their formation and metabolism in the rat

by Olav Melkild Bakke in Bergen

Written in English
Published: Downloads: 950
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  • Phenols in the body.

Edition Notes

Statementby Olav M. Bakke.
LC ClassificationsQP801.P4 B3
The Physical Object
Pagination1 v. (various pagings)
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL4370221M
LC Control Number78541005

Start studying Phenol Red Broth- CH. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Phenolics are broadly distributed in the plant kingdom and are the most abundant secondary metabolites of plants. Plant polyphenols have drawn increasing attention due to their potent antioxidant properties and their marked effects in the prevention of various oxidative stress associated diseases such as cancer. In the last few years, the identification and development of phenolic compounds or Cited by: Most compounds measured such as BCFA, phenols and indoles (see Table 1) have specificity to protein fermentation as their production occurs exclusively from such fermentation. 1, 8 Changes in the overall level of protein fermentation can be judged, for example, by changes in 24‐h urinary excretion of phenols 9, 10 and possibly faecal Cited by: The Phenol Sulphotransferase (PST) Pathway The phenol sulphotransferase (PST) sulfation pathway is necessary for the breakdown and the problem may be at the sulphite oxidase step in the metabolism of sulphur. All the chemically reduced forms of sulphur except taurine must eventually pass of sulphate in their urine and exhibit some.

New cultivars with greater adaptability to modern irrigated (super-) high-density orchards and producing good sensory quality oils are highly demanded by an olive oil industry in continuous change. This work analyzes olive oil sensory quality, in terms of phenols and volatiles that are responsible for virgin olive oil flavor, for three cultivars: Picual, which is used for >15% of world olive. The present FI system affords a rapid and simple analysis: only 10 min is required for analytical measurements after sample injection, and no complicated manual operation is involved. 'Effect Of Nitro-PAPS On The Reduction Of Iron(III) With Cobalt(II) And The Flow-injection Analysis Of Cobalt(II) In Real Samples', Bunseki Kagaku, 53(4) Unfortunately, this book can't be printed from the OpenBook. Visit to get more information about this book, to buy it in print, or to download it as a free PDF. On the basis of the number of hydroxyl groups attached to the aryl group, it can be classified into mono-, di-, tri- or polyhydric phenols. Nomenclature of Phenols. Earlier, most of the compounds with the same structural formula were known by different names depending on .

  The energy values of carbohydrates continue to be debated. This is because of the use of different energy systems, for example, combustible, digestible, metabolizable, and so on. Furthermore Cited by: state the uses of phenols in antiseptics and disinfectants; describe the reactions of phenol with sodium and bases; explain the ease of bromination of phenol compared with benzene; Phenols. General structure: ArOH (Ar is an aromatic ring) Phenols have an aromatic ring bonded directly to a hydroxyl (–OH) group. Some phenols are shown below.   The Presence of Phenols in Poland and Exposition of the Polish Population to Their Influence Phenols in the Environment The concentrations of phenols in surface water are different. Investigations in the water of the drainage of the Dzierżązna river (Central Poland) revealed concentra- tions of this compound between and µg/L [14]. This CICAD 2 on 2,4,6-tribromophenol and other simple brominated phenols was prepared by P.D. Howe, S. Dobson, and H.M. Malcolm from the Centre of Ecology & Hydrology, United Kingdom, and was based on data identified from a comprehensive literature search of relevant databases conducted up to January The CICAD and a United Kingdom.

Analysis of simple phenols and their formation and metabolism in the rat by Olav Melkild Bakke Download PDF EPUB FB2

Phenols constitute probably the largest group of plant secondary metabolites, varying in size from a simple structure with an aromatic ring to complex ones such as lignins. Although many of the essential oils are terpenes, some are phenolic compounds, for example thymol from Thymus spp.

(thyme) (Figure ).Many simple phenols are responsible for taste, for example eugenol in cloves. Properties Acidity. Phenols have distinct properties and are generally distinguished from other have higher acidity of the hydroxyl group in phenols is commonly intermediate between that of aliphatic alcohols and carboxylic acids (their pK a is usually between 10 and 12).

Loss of a hydrogen cation (H +) from the hydroxyl group of a phenol forms a corresponding. These simple phenols are then available to be metabolized into Phase I and Phase II metabolites (Liu & Hu, ) by the activity of sulphotransferases (Dunn & Klaassen, ) and UDL.

Acta Pharmacol Toxicol (Copenh). ;39(4) The metabolism of biphenyl. Phenolic metabolites in the rat. Meyer T, Scheline by: The metabolism od trihydroxybutyrophenone in the rat and dog. Biochem J. Jul; – [PMC free article] BRAY HG, THORPE WV, WHITE K. Kinetic studies of the metabolism of foreign organic compounds.

A mathematical model expressing the metabolic fate of phenols, benzoic acids and their by: Magí Farré & Rafael de la Torr e (): Metabolic disposition and biological significance of simple phenols of dietary origin: hydroxytyrosol and tyr osol, Drug Metabolism Reviews, DOI:   This is an amalgamation of two links on phenols, PST and sulphur metabolism.

The two links to the original docs are: This is a LONG discussion on the phenol-sulphotransferase issue, but it. Phenolic acids metabolism‎ (2 P) Phenylpropanoids metabolism‎ (4 C, 4 P) S Stilbenoids metabolism‎ (2 P) Pages in category "Natural phenols metabolism" The following 7 pages are in this category, out of 7 total.

This list may not reflect recent changes. Catechol dioxygenase. After lindane was administered to rats in a single oral dose, the time profile of the degree of conjugation of the main phenolic metabolites was evaluated. In all urine samples 2,3-dichlorophenol, 2,4,5- and 2,4,6-trichlorophenol, and 2,3,5,6-tetrachlorophenol were constantly present.

2,3,5,6-Tetrachlorophenol and then 2,4,6-trichlorophenol Cited by: 6. Most of the natural phenols are derived from secondary plant metabolism of the shikimic acid pathway, malic acid pathway or both. The aromatic amino acid phenylalanine, synthesized in the shikimic-acid pathway, is the common precursor of phenol containing amino acids and phenolic compounds.

Absorption, metabolism, and excretion of 3,4-DHPEA-EDA, oleuropein, and hydroxytyrosol isolated from olive fruits were newly evaluated after oral and intravenous administration in freely moving rats cannulated in the portal vein, jugular vein, and bile duct.

Orally administered 3,4-DHPEA-EDA, an important bioactive compound in olive pomace, was readily absorbed and metabolized to Cited by: 3. hydroxyl groups and their structures may range from that of a simple phenolic molecule to that of a complex high-molecular weight polymer, are widespread groups of substances in flowering plants, occurring in all vegetative organs, as well as in flowers and.

Polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB) congeners with multiple ortho chlorine substituents and their metabolites exist as stable rotational isomers, or atropisomers, that are nonsuperimposable mirror images of each other.

Additionally, the oxidation of certain axially prochiral PCBs, such as 2,2′,4,6′-tetrachlorobiphenyl (PCB 51) and 2,2′,4,5,6′-pentachlorobiphenyl (PCB ), in the meta Cited by: 4.

a more crucial role in their microbial metabolism than the dose. Short-chain proanthocyanidins exhibited a strong metabolite formation and a higher concentration of proanthocyanidins could be tolerated without inhibition of metabolite formation(44). On the other hand, proantho-cyanidins with high polymerisation were able to inhibitCited by: Studies by Jerina and Daly () and Tunek et al.

() strongly supported the concept that the formation of benzene oxide is the principal first step in benzene metabolism. However, Ingelman-Sundberg and Hagbjork () have suggested that the hydroxylation may occur via the insertion of a hydroxyl free radical, postulated to be generated Cited by: 8.

Chapter 8: An Introduction to Metabolism. STUDY. Flashcards. Learn. Write. Spell. Test. PLAY. Match. Gravity. Created by. trishachevli. AP Biology Seventh Edition Campbell and Reese.

Terms in this set (48) Metabolism. The totality of an organisms chemical reactions. An. Analysis of Phenolic Plant Metabolites book.

Read reviews from world’s largest community for readers. our present knowledge of their role(s), and deals in detail with methods for their quantitation, I can study how to analysis tannin composition. flag Like see review. Dipta Dharmesti marked it as to-read Reviews: 1. ⁠to a hydroxyl or amino- group is catalysed by a super gene family of enzymes called sulfotransferases (SULTs).

In the case of most xenobiotics and small endogenous substrates, sulfonation has generally been considered a detoxification pathway leading to more water-soluble products and thereby aiding their excretion via the kidneys or by: The formation of phenols in the animal body is a well known fact.

They are known as the putrefaction products of the pan- creas, muscle, liver, and fibrin.’ However, the phenols as judged by the reaction with bromine water are not a single substance, but include p-cresol, o-cresol, m-cresol, and phenol. The elimination of phenols is increased by absorption from wounds and abscesses.2 The relative ability of the various organs to dispose of phenol is as follows: liver, kidney, muscle, brain, and blood; i.e., the liver has the greatest capacity for conjugating phenols, while the blood has the least.

Takayuki Tohge, Mutsumi Watanabe, Rainer Hoefgen and Alisdair R. Fernie, The evolution of phenylpropanoid metabolism in the green lineage, Critical Reviews in Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, /, 48, 2, (), ().Cited by: Diets rich in (poly)phenols are associated with a reduced reduction in the incidence of cardiovascular disorders.

While the absorption and metabolism of (poly)phenols has been described, it is not clear how their metabolic fate is affected under pathological conditions. This study evaluated the metabolic fate of berry (poly)phenols in an in vivo model of hypertension as well as the associated Cited by: 1.

Aspergillus fumigatus (ATCC ), a thermotolerant fungus, has been shown to be capable of growth on phenol as the sole carbon and energy source. During growth of the organism on phenol, catechol and hydroquinone accumulated transiently in the medium; cells grown on phenol oxidised these compounds without a lag period.

Two different routes operating simultaneously, Cited by: This method provides procedures for the determination of phenols in finished drinking water. The method may be applicable to untreated source waters and other types of water samples, but it has not been evaluated for these uses. The method is applicable to a variety of phenols that are efficiently partitioned from the water sample onto a.

Richard Herbert April Preface to the first edition This is a book about experiments and results of experiments. The results described are the fruit of thirty years' labour in the field of secondary metabolism.

Secondary metabolism, more than any other part of the chemistry of life, has been the special preserve of organic by: Phytochemistry The difficult small two: Simple Phenols Phenols Definition Phenols (or polyphenols) are compounds that bear at least one hydroxyl group attached to an aromatic or benzene ring system (a phenol).

They are synthesised via the shikimic acid pathway. Absorption, Metabolism and Excretion of Phenols However, their metabolic fate remains controversial. The outcomes of in vivo human studies are examined and contrasted with in vitro and animal studies.

Furthermore, whether the bioactivity translates into effect on triglyceride metabolism in a rat model (Oi-Kano et al. Analysis of Phenolic Plant Metabolites (Ecological Methods and Concepts) 1st edition by Waterman, P. G., Mole, S. () Paperback on *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers.

Analysis of Phenolic Plant Metabolites (Ecological Methods and Concepts) 1st edition by Waterman, P. G., MoleManufacturer: Wiley-Blackwell. The Introduction to Metabolism chapter of this Campbell Biology Companion Course helps students learn the essential lessons associated with metabolism.

Each of these simple and fun video lessons. Study on Phytochemical Screening, HPLC Analysis of Phenols and In vivo Assay on Mice by Using Traditional Herbal Medicinal Plant in Oman S Hemadri Reddy*, Sheikha Rashed Al-Aamri** &Wafaa Issa Al-Syabi*** *Lecturer, biology section, department of applied science, Higher college of Technology, Al Khuwair, Po box: 74, postal code:Muscat,File Size: KB.

Because the health benefits of polyphenols are critically determined by their bioavailability, the effect of interactions between plant phenols and food macronutrients is a very important topic. In the present review, we summarise current knowledge, with a special focus on the in vitro and in vivo effects of food macronutrients on the Cited by: Analysis of phenolic plant metabolites / Peter G.

Waterman, Simon Mole Blackwell Scientific Publications Oxford Wikipedia Citation Please see Wikipedia's template documentation for further citation fields that may be required.Unfortunately, this book can't be printed from the OpenBook.

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